Periodontitis is the infection in gums caused by a buildup of bacteria on teeth and gums. As it becomes advances, it damages bone and teeth and can cost you a tooth. The primary cause of periodontitis is the accumulation of plaque. Other factors also contribute to this, such as hormonal changes, diseases that weaken the immune system, smoking, poor oral hygiene habits, and certain medicines that hinder the production of saliva. The common symptoms of periodontitis are red and swollen gums, receding gums, bad breath, bleeding gums when your brush your teeth, etc.
A private Dentist In Basingstoke will diagnose gum disease by inspecting your mouth and measuring the depth of pockets. Periodontitis can be reversed by controlling plaque. It can be done by professional dental cleaning twice a year and practicing good oral hygiene habits. In general, there are four stages of periodontitis, these are gingivitis, slight periodontal disease, moderate periodontal disease, and advanced periodontal disease.
Gingivitis: It is the inflammation in the gums. The common sign in this stage is bleeding while brushing your teeth or after brushing your teeth. Furthermore plaque buildup also occurs that changes the color of teeth. This stage is reversible.
Slight Periodontal Disease: The common symptom of this stage is the receding of gums, and formation of pockets. These pockets foster the growth of bacteria. One can experience some bone loss and bleeding for gums at the time of brush and floss. Only oral hygiene will not reverse this stage.
Moderate Periodontal Disease: This stage is irreversible. In this stage bacteria attack get acute on tooth bone and your tooth can lose the bone support. Dentists treat this phase by scaling and root planning. Moreover the bacteria can also attack immune system.
Advanced Periodontal Disease: This is the final stage of gum infection in which tissue and bones that supports are tooth are damaged. During this stage one may experience bad breath, pain while chewing. You are at a high risk of tooth loss. Treatment of this surgery requires surgery.
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